Interdisciplinary Quest for Wisdom
Natural Resources and Environmental Degradation
Pokok bahasan meliputi: Fundamental Concepts and Principles and a review of how the environment works; the flow of energy through food webs and the movement of materials in the ecosystem, law of tolerance, law of the minimum, and other related concepts and principles. Water resources: The role of water in the environment, human uses of water, water supply and availability and importance of and threats to ground water reserves. Lakes, Coastal and Marine Waters. The lecture focuses on surface water pollution, their causes and consequences, management strategies with special focus on selected lakes, coastal areas and the Indonesia Ocean. Solid and Hazardous Wastes. This lecture is a presentation of the nature, properties and sources of solid wastes and toxic chemicals, the requirements of their safe disposal and the factors that cause disposal problems to remain unresolved.
Air Pollution: air pollution sources, effects on human health and other species, and possible long-term impact on climate. Indoor air pollution will be an interesting sub-topic. Deforestation: the causes and consequences of large-scale removal of forest cover in the region. Mitigating measures as applied by different countries will be presented. Biodiversity Loss: the richness of the flora and fauna in Asia and the Pacific and the imperatives for their conservation-especially the important genetic resources, i.e. wildlife. Food Resources and Hunger: the efforts, the resources and the constraints in feeding the growing human populations. Land Degradation: The soil and how it is being ruined by erosion, water logging, salinization and application of farm chemicals. Special attention is given to soil that is acknowledged to be of poor quality than elsewhere in the world. Causes of Environmental Degradation: The various factors said to be the causes for environmental degradation in the region: rapid population growth, poverty, economic growth, and institutional and policy failures. The validity of each argument will be examined during the discussions. Costs of Environmental Degradation: the economic and the non-economic costs of environmental degradation in Indonesia region.
Dosen : Dr. Ir. Sudarto, MS
Prof. Ir. Yeny Risjani DEA, PhD.
1. Bailey, R.G. 1998. Ecoregions: the Ecosystem Geography of the Oceans and Continents. Spring, NY. 176 pp.
2. Barrow, C.J. 1991. Land Degradation: Development and Breakdown of Terrestrial Environments. Cambridge Univ. Press. 295 pp.
3. Chapin, F.S. III, P.A. Matson, and H.A. Mooney. 2002. Principles of Terrestrial Ecosystem Ecology. Springer, N.Y. 436 pp.
5. FAO, 1996. Assessment of status of human‐induced soil degradation in southeast Asia (Assod):Process report in proceeding of the expert consultation of the Asian network on problem soils. Manila Philipines,23‐27 October,1975 : 39p
6. FAO, 1994 . Land degradation in South Asia :Its severity, Causes and effect upon the people world soil resources reports No.78.ISSN 0532‐0488:102p
7. FAO, 1994. The collection any Analysis of land degradation data , Report of the expert consultation of the Asian network on problem soils. Bangkok, Thailand ,25‐29 October 1993:261p
8. Nyle C. Brady, 2001. Natural and properties of soils. 10th edition. Prentice – hall of India, Private Limited, New Delhi ‐ 11001: 621p.
9. Schlesinger, W.H. 1997. Biogeochemistry: an Analysis of Global Change (2nd ed.). Academic Press, NY. 588 pp.
Benchmarking: Mahidol University International College, Faculty of Science, Faculty of Environment and Resource Studies, Mahidol University