What is Cultural Resilience? Many human cultures have come and gone, others have survived; the longer surviving cultures can be said to be resilient. Cultural resilience refers to a culture’s capacity to maintain and develop cultural identity and critical cultural knowledge and practices. Despite challenges and difficulties, a resilient culture is capable of maintaining and developing itself. A resilient culture engages with other challenges such as natural disasters and encounters with other cultures, and manages to continue.
.Benard, B. (1994, December). Application of resilience: Possibilities and promise. Paper presented at the Conference on the Role of Resilience in drug Abuse, Alcohol Abuse and Mental Illness, Washington, DC.
Alford, R. D. (1988). Naming and identity: A cross-cultural study of personal naming practices. New Haven, CT: Hraf Press.
Angell, G. B., Dennis, B. G. & Dumain, (1997). Spirituality, resilience, and narrative: Coping with parental death. Families in Society: The Journal of Contemporary Human Services, 79 (6), 615-630.
Benard, B. (1991, August). Fostering resiliency in kids: Protective factors in the family, school, and community. San Francisco, CA: Far West Laboratory for Educational Research and Development.
Felson, R. B. (1981). Social sources of information in the development of self. Sociological Quarterly, 22, 69-79.
Goldstein, H. (1981). Social learning and change: A cognitive approach to human services. New York, NY: Tavistock Publications.
Kirby, L. D. & Fraser, M. W. (1997). Risk and resilience in childhood. In M. W. Fraser (Ed.). Risk and resilience in childhood: An ecological perspective. Washington, DC: NASW Press.
Locust, C. (1988). Wounding the spirit: Discrimination and traditional North American Indian belief systems. Harvard Educational Review, 58(3), 315-330.
Rutter, M. (1987). Psychosocial resilience and protective mechanisms. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 57, 316-331.Werner, E. E. (1984). Resilient children. Young Children, 40, 68-72.
Smith, C., Lizotte, A. J., Thronberry, T. P. & Krohn, M. D. (1995). Resilient youth: Identifying factors that prevent high-risk youth from engaging in delinquency and drug use. Current Perspectives of Aging and the Life Cycle, 4, 217-247.
Benchmarking: The University of Minnesota
Lebih lengkap download disini