Setelah selesai mengikuti mata kuliah ini (pada akhir semester) diharapkan mahasiswa mampu untuk: (1). Memahami konsep-konsep ekologi-ekonomi dalam pemanfaatan & pengelolaan SDA, (2). Menjelaskan beberapa kaidah dan prinsip pendekatan ekonomi dan ekologi dalam pemanfaatan SDA, (3). Melakukan simulasi analisis eksternalitas pemanfataan SDA

Pokok bahasan meliputi: SDA-Pembangunan-LH. Sistem ekonomi Sumberdaya Alam: Produksi-Konsumsi-limbah: Pengertian; sifat dan dimensi, Potensi Sumberdaya Alam Indonesia, Masalah pengembangan sumberdaya alam,  Perspektif ekonomi dan ekologi. Pendekatan-pendekatan dan teknik-teknik analisis: Pengambilan keputusan over time: interest rate; compounding; discounting; Property right dan penggunaan SDA, Ekonomi kesejahteraan dan peranan pemerintah, Private vs public goods, Kegagalan mekanisme pasar.   Sumberdaya dapat-habis & Kelangkaan Sumberdaya: Optimal depletion,  Measures of Scarcity. Sumberdaya Renewable: Model of optimal uses,  Problematik common-properties. Penggunaan sumberdaya alam Non-renewable (SDA-NR): Barang tambang sebagai non-renewable resources, Teori ekstraksi barang tambang, Struktur pasar dan strategi penggunaan SDA-NR, Uncertainty,  Pertumbuhan ekonomi dan SDA-NR. Eksternalitas dan Polusi/pencemaran lingkungan. Taksonomi eksternalitas: Publik vs privat; eksternalitas dalam konsumsi; eksternalitas dalam produksi; internalisasi eksternalitas. Alternatif pengendalian eksternalitas:  Pajak vs subsidi , Pajak vs baku mutu / standar Standar vs fees/penalties Fees for emissions. Marketable permits in externalities control: Tatanan kelembagaan, Karakteristik sistem permits, The ambient based systems, The emission based system, The offset system, Cost of alternative permit system.

Kelompok Pakar:

Referensi:

  1. Barbier, E. and G. Heal. 20006.  “Valuing Ecosystem Services,” Economists’ Voice, Berkeley Electronic Press. http://www2.gsb.columbia.edu/faculty/gheal/Economists-Voice-published.pdf
  2. Castle, E., R. Berrens and S. Polasky. 1996. “Economics of Sustainability” Natural Resources Journal 36 (Fall): 715-730.
  3. Czech, B. 2000. Shoveling fuel for a runaway train: errant economists, shameful spenders, and a plan to stop them all. University of California Press.
  4. Czech, B. 2003. Technological progress and biodiversity conservation: a dollar spent a dollar burned. Conservation Biology 17(5):1455-1457.
  5. Daly, H. E., and J. Farley. 2003. Ecological economics: principles and applications. Island Press, Washington, DC.
  6. Daly, H. E., Farley, J. 2004. Chapter 2: The Fundamental Vision. In Ecological Economics: Principles and Applications. Island Press, Washington DC.
  7. Gunderson, L.H. and C.S. Holling. 2002. Panarchy: Understanding Transformations in Human and Natural Systems. Washington, D.C.: Island Press.
  8. Hall, C., Lindenberger, D., Kummel, R., Kroeger, T., Eichhorn, W. 2001. The need to reintegrate the natural sciences with economics. BioScience 51 (8): 663-673.
  9. Harris, J. 2002. Environmental and Natural Resource Economics: A Contemporary Approach, Chapter 2 “Sustainable Development” (WebCT file)
  10. Harris, J. M. 2006. Environmental and Natural Resource Economics: A Contemporary Approach. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company.
  11. Sagoff, M. 2004. Carrying capacity and ecological economics. In Price, Principle, and the Environment. Cambridge University Press.
  12. Soderbaum, P. 1999. Ecological Economics: Chapter 1: Environmental and Other Problems. Earthscan Publication Ltd, London.
  13. Toman, Michael, 1994. “Economics and Sustainability: Balancing Tradeoffs and Imperatives” Land Economics 70: 399-413.

Benchmarking: UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA

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