Natural Resources Economics

 

Setelah selesai mengikuti mata kuliah ini (pada akhir semester) diharapkan mahasiswa mampu untuk: (1). Memahami konsep-konsep ekologi-ekonomi dalam pemanfaatan & pengelolaan SDA, (2). Menjelaskan beberapa kaidah dan prinsip pendekatan ekonomi dan ekologi dalam pemanfaatan SDA, (3). Melakukan simulasi analisis eksternalitas pemanfataan SDA

Pokok bahasan meliputi: SDA-Pembangunan-LH. Sistem ekonomi Sumberdaya Alam: Produksi-Konsumsi-limbah: Pengertian; sifat dan dimensi, Potensi Sumberdaya Alam Indonesia, Masalah pengembangan sumberdaya alam,  Perspektif ekonomi dan ekologi. Pendekatan-pendekatan dan teknik-teknik analisis: Pengambilan keputusan over time: interest rate; compounding; discounting; Property right dan penggunaan SDA, Ekonomi kesejahteraan dan peranan pemerintah, Private vs public goods, Kegagalan mekanisme pasar.   Sumberdaya dapat-habis & Kelangkaan Sumberdaya: Optimal depletion,  Measures of Scarcity. Sumberdaya Renewable: Model of optimal uses,  Problematik common-properties. Penggunaan sumberdaya alam Non-renewable (SDA-NR): Barang tambang sebagai non-renewable resources, Teori ekstraksi barang tambang, Struktur pasar dan strategi penggunaan SDA-NR, Uncertainty,  Pertumbuhan ekonomi dan SDA-NR. Eksternalitas dan Polusi/pencemaran lingkungan. Taksonomi eksternalitas: Publik vs privat; eksternalitas dalam konsumsi; eksternalitas dalam produksi; internalisasi eksternalitas. Alternatif pengendalian eksternalitas:  Pajak vs subsidi , Pajak vs baku mutu / standar Standar vs fees/penalties Fees for emissions. Marketable permits in externalities control: Tatanan kelembagaan, Karakteristik sistem permits, The ambient based systems, The emission based system, The offset system, Cost of alternative permit system.

 

Referensi:

1)        Boggess, W., R. Lacewell, and D. Zilberman. Economics of Water Use in Agriculture. 1993.” In Agricultural and Environmental Resource Economics, G.A. Carlson, D. Zilberman, and J.A. Miranowski (Eds.), New York: Oxford University Press.

2)        Hanley, N. J.F. Shogren, and B. White. 2007. Environmental Economics: In Theory and Practice.Second edition. New York: Oxford University Press.

3)        Hanley, N., J.F. Shogren, and B. White. 1997. Environmental Economics: In Theory and Practice. New York: Oxford University Press.

4)        Hartwick, J.M., and N.D. Olewiler.  1998. The Economics of Natural Resource Use. 2nd Edition, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley.

5)        Howitt, Richard. 1994. “Water Markets, Individual Incentives and Environmental Goals.” Choice (First Quarter 1994):5-9.

6)        McInerney, J. 1981. Natural Resource Economics: the Basic Analytical Principle.” In John A. Butlin (ed.), The Economics of Environmental and Natural Resource Policy.

7)        Perman, R., Y. Ma, and J. McGilvray. 1996. Natural Resource and Environmental Economics. London: Longman.

8)        Rosegrant, M.W. 1997. Water Resources in the Twenty-First Century: Challenges and Implications for Actions.” Food, Agriculture, and the Environment Discussion Paper 20, IFPRI, March 1997.

9)        Solow, Robert M. 2000. “Sustainability: An Economist’s Perspective.” In Economics of theEnvironment: Selected Readings. 4th Edition. Ed. R. N. Stavins. NewYork:Norton & Company.

10)    Sterner. 2002. Policy Instruments for Environmental and Natural Resource Management. RFF and World Bank.

11)    Tietenberg, T. 2008.  Environmental and Natural Resource Economics (8th Ed.)1, Pearson Education, Inc.

 

Benchmarking: OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY