Regional Development

 

Setelah selesai mengikuti mata kuliah ini (pada akhir semester) diharapkan mahasiswa mampu untuk: (1). Memahami konsep-konsep dan pendekatan ekonomi-ekologi dalam pengembangan wilayah pedesaan, (2). Menjelaskan kembali beberapa kaidah dan prinsip dalam pengembangan wilayah pedesaan , (3). Melakukan /menerapkan analisis & simulasi sistem dalam perencanaan pengembangan wilayah pedesaan.

Pokok Bahasan Meliputi: PENDAHULUAN: Regional sciences vs Regional Economics. Regional Planning vs Landuse Planning. Regional Development vs Economic Development. Azas dan Prinsip Pengembangan Wilayah: Ekonomi vs ekologi, Temporer vs Spasial, Statik vs dinamik, Input-Proses-Output, Alokasi vs Efisiensi. People center development: Paradigma Pembangunan Daerah, Kaidah-kaidah pemberdayaan masyarakat. Konsep Sumberdaya: Pengertian sumberdaya: EKONOMI vs EKOLOGI, Quality and characteristics, Utility & externality, Scarcity, Value and price, Market mechanism. Konsep SDA: SDA-Lahan, SDA-Hutan, SDA-Air, SDA-Tambang bahan mineral, Availability vs Renewability, Productivity vs sustainability. Konsep Dampak Lingkungan: Proses produksi / pemanfaatan sumberdaya, Produk dan limbah, Externality effects, Perubahan lingkungan, Dampak lingkungan. METODE Perencanaan: Metode analisis kependudukan, Input-Output, Metode Gravitasi, Hubungan antar daerah. Metode Operation Research: Metode Alokasi / Optimasi, Pemrograman .  Teknik Perencanaan: Survei sosial, Economic base, Analisis antar industri, Indikator sosial, Distribusi pendapatan. Penginderaan jauh, Landuse analysis, Analisis potensi, PERT/CPM, Flowcharting.  Konsep Sistem: Pengertian sistem, Wilayah sebagai suatu Sistem, Sibernetik-Holistik-Sistematik, Analisis Sistem, Simulasi Sistem, Aplikasi Komputer. Model EE dalam Perencanaan pengembangan wilayah pedesaan : Pendekatan sistem & problem solving; Goals of RP: Economic goals, Ecological goals; Planning and development models;  Cost-Benefit & Optimization. System Simulation instrument in RP: Pendekatan sistem dalam RP: Multi-objective problems, Objective function, Constraint equation, Mathematical modelling. Economic resource allocation: Cost of production, Pricing strategies, Allocation principles, Programming.  Decision analysis: Analysis of public project: Uncertainty, Consideration in project planning, Experimentation.  Resources use efficiency (RUE) dalam pengembangan wilayah: Prinsip-prinsip RUE, Landasan ekologis, Landasan ekonomis, Landasan teknis , Model-model simulasi RUE.  Model Perencanaan Kawasan pembangunan: Kawasan Potensial, Kawasan Strategis, Kawasan Andalan, KIMBUN: Kawasan Industri Masyarakat Perkebunan, KIMAS: Kawasan Industri Milik Masyarakat, KAPET: Kawasan Pengembangan Ekonomi Terpadu, AGROPOLITAN.

 

Referensi:

1)       Kilkenny, Maureen. “Transport Costs and Rural Development.” Working Paper 95-WP 133, Center for Agricultural and Rural Development, Iowa State University, 1995.

2)       Greenwood, Michael J. and Gary L Hunt. “Migration and Employment Change: Empirical Evidence on the Spatial and Temporal Dimensions of the Linkage.” Journal of Regional Science 26(1986): 223-234.

3)       Garofalo, Gasper A. and Devinder M. Malhotra. “Effect of Environmental Regulations on State-Level Manufacturing Capital Formation.” Journal of Regional Science, Vol. 35, No. 2, 1995, pp. 201-216.

4)       Richardson, Harry W. “Competitive Versus Generative Growth.” Regional Growth Theory, London, MacMillan, 1973, pp. 86-88.

5)       Boadway, Robin W. and David E. Wildasin. “Market Failure and the Rationale for Government Intervention,” in Public Sector Economics. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company, 1984, pp. 55-73.

6)       Bartik, T.J. “The Market Failure Approach to Regional Economic Development.” Economic Development Quarterly, Vol. 4, No. 4, 1990, pp. 361-370.

7)       Stiglitz, Joseph E. “Markets, Market Failures, and Development.” American Economic Review, Vol. 79, No. 2, 1989, pp. 197-203.

8)       Kraybill, David S. and Bruce A. Weber. “Institutional Change and Economic Development in Rural America.” American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 77, No. 4, 1995.

 

Benchmarking: OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY