Biodiversity & Environmental Biology


Pokok bahasan meliputi: Introduction – Definition: genetic, species and ecosystem diversity;  Biogeographical classification; Value of biodiversity: consumptive use, productive use, social, ethical aesthetic and option values;  Biodiversity at global, national and local levels;  Indonesia as a mega-diversity nation; Hot-spots of biodiversity;  Threats to biodiversity: habitat loss, poaching of wildlife, man wildlife conflicts;  Endangered and endemic species of Indonesia;  Conservation of biodiversity: In-situ and Ex-situ conservation of biodiversity.

Biodiversity and Its Value. Biodiversity: Issues, Concerns, Management. Biodiversity: Creation and Destruction, Geologic and Biogeographic Forces, Ecological Processes, Threats, Current Status.  Conservation Strategies, Past, Present, and Future: Attitudes about Conservation, Emerging Conservation Movements, Forging a National Strategy.  Managing Forests: Ecological History and Principles, From Natural Forests to Plantations, Consequences of Forest Conversion for Biodiversity, Recommendations for Forest Reserve Management, Recommendations for Multiple Use Management. Managing Aquatic Ecosystems: Ecological Principles, Threats to Aquatic Biodiversity, Conserving Biodiversity in Aquatic Systems. Monitoring: The Monitoring/Adaptive Management Cycle, Monitoring Programs, Guidelines for Successful Monitoring. Conserving Biodiversity: Barriers and Priorities.




1)        Lambertini, M. 2000. A Naturalists Guide to the Tropics. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL. 312 pp.

2)        Primack, R. and R. Corlett. 2005. Tropical Rain Forests. An Ecological and Biogeographical Comparison. Blackwell Publishing, Malden, MA. 319 pp.

3)        Riordan, Timothy and Susanne Stoll-Kleemann. 2002. Biodiversity, Sustainability and Human Communities: Protectiong beyond the Protected. Cambridge University Press.

4)        Richard B. Primack. 2002. Essentials of Conservation Biology. Sinauer Associates, Inc. Publishers. 698 pp. ISBN 0-87893-719-6.